China and the United States today are two leading world economies. All the rest seem simply by the statists in this competition of two giants. And of course, one of the elements of this rivalry is the rate of decarbonization of transport, including personal transport.
Let me remind you that the current president of the USA Joe Bayden directly says that the United States cannot retard from China in the development of the electric car.
6 years ago, when the fate of Tesla many had a big doubt, and no one had heard her Tunberg and her «School Straight», in China, the test program «Administrative measures for investment and construction of public charging stations for passenger Car on New Energy in Beijing. «
What can be seen in Beijing and in many cities of China today?
In Beijing over the past two years, publicly available charge ports were deployed, in quantity and at a speed visible to the naked eye. This process is keeping in foot with an increase in electric vehicles among citizens of the country. Although experts note that not all charges work stably, but the process goes in the right direction. The coating level of public charging stations now reaches 70% of the calculated amount. But today, charging can be found almost in all places where they are needed and in demand — parking in new buildings, in business and shopping centers, other public buildings and institutions, separate charging complexes.
On August 12, the Laboratory of Monitoring and Management of the Urban Transport Infrastructure of the Ministry of Housing and Urban and Rural Development, the Chinese Institute of Urban Planning and Design and Beijing Mandian Travel Technology Co., Ltd. Together published a report on the monitoring of fees for fees for 2021 in large cities of China. Accordingly, this report describes the amount of charged charging infrastructure and its use.
The report reflected data on 25 large cities of China. According to the «Report», the average density of public open charge stations in 25 major cities of the country is 17.3 units per square kilometer. Among them, the city of Shenzhen, the province of # Guangdong, has the highest density of public charging, reaching 73.2 units per square kilometer. The average coating level of public charging in the central urban areas of 25 cities is 73.5%, and the coating coefficient of public charging in 11 cities, including # Shanghai, Xi’an in the province of Shaanxi and Shenzhen, reaches 80%. In Shanghai, public DC charging stations make up almost 50%. Approximately the same and 15 other major cities. Number of public DC charging in the center of Xiamen, Fujian Province, 5 times more than AC stations.
It is noted that the larger the city, the higher the volume of fast charging stations of DC. The average level of fast DC stations in megalopolis reaches 77% of the total number. Let me remind you that the rapid stations in Russia are considered to be the stations with a capacity of 50 kW, while in China it is 100-150 kW minimum.
At the same time, experts note that the level of use of public charging is not so high. Of the 25 cities, only 9 cities have an average charging coefficient of more than 40%. What does it mean? In other words, most urban public charging stations work less than 50% of the load on which they are calculated. What is the reason?
And the answer is very simple. And there were previously European stars about it, noting that up to 70% of the charging sessions occurs at night. The same trend is observed in China. As of the end of 2020, the number of private charging stations in the country exceeded 874000 pieces. For example, in Beijing, as of the end of 2019, a total of about 202,400 charging stations (ports) were commissioned, of which 153,400 were private charging stations, which was more than 75%.
That is, besides the fact that the state develops the charging infrastructure, private traders develop this direction even faster and more larger. This is due to the fact that the cost of electricity for civilian needs is twice and lower than the price per kW of electricity on public charging on the street.
Experts also note that the level of use of public charging directly depends on the development of electric vehicles. If in 2017 the maximum range of most electric vehicles was 250 km, and they needed more often charge, today the electric vehicles pass on one charging to 500 km (in urban mode), while charging the cost of public stations increased, the power of the side charge increased. And this eventually reduced the frequency with which the owners of electric vehicles use public charging. On average, this reduction was made up from three charging sessions a week to once a week!
PDA clearly leads policies by electrifying transport. In November 2020, in the «Plan of Development of the Automotive Industry on New Energy (2021-2035)», announced by the State Council, it was also clearly indicated that the construction of the charging network and swap will actively advance.
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