Coal energy in China is losing ground in front of «green» energy


One of the controversies amid the rapid growth of electric vehicles is that the electricity they use comes from coal, and therefore isn’t really environmentally friendly. But this is expected to change as China’s energy mix changes.

By the end of this year, China’s installed non-fossil energy production capacity is expected to exceed coal-fired capacity for the first time, according to a recent report.

Non-fossil energy refers to energy sources other than coal, oil, natural gas and other forms of energy that are generated by geological changes over time and are intended for one-time use only. Non-fossil energy includes new and renewable energy sources such as wind, solar, hydropower, geothermal, bioenergy, and nuclear.

By the end of June, China’s installed power generation capacity was 2.26 billion kilowatts, up 9.5 percent from last year, according to the report. Among them, the share of installed capacity for the generation of non-fossil energy in the total installed capacity was 45.4 percent, which is 3.2 percentage points more than in the same period last year. The share of installed coal capacity in the total installed capacity decreased by 3.3 percentage points to 48.2 percent.

The report estimates that this year China will commission 180 million kilowatts of installed power generation capacity, of which 140 million kilowatts will be non-fossil power generation capacity.

By the end of 2021, China’s installed electricity generation capacity will be 2.37 billion kilowatts, up 7.7 percent from last year, the report said.

The total installed capacity for the production of non-fossil energy has reached about 1.12 billion kilowatts, which is 47.3 percent of the total installed capacity, which is about 2.5 percentage points higher than at the end of 2020, and the scale and share of RES is expected to be exceed coal-fired capacity for the first time, the report said.

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