In the comments to articles on the topic of hydrogen energy and transportation, some ask the question, how much does hydrogen cost for hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs)? And we have an answer to this question.
But, first, you need to understand that today the production of passenger cars FCEV is very limited, and their market share is so small that it can be described by a value below the statistical error. Still, and this is absolutely objective, since buyers «vote» with their wallet, the choice of manufacturers and buyers is precisely battery electric vehicles. And if you are reading our news, then for a long time even yourself could have come to the conclusion that in the future hydrogen fuel will be used mainly in heavy transport — trucks, sea vessels, aviation, public and rail transport.
But at the same time, all automakers still produce a few hydrogen passenger electric vehicles — Toyota Mirai, Honda Clarity, Hyundai Nexo. BMW, # mercedes-benz and some others also «indulge» in this direction.
First, the volume of hydrogen sold is measured not in liters, but in kilograms. Secondly, unlike gasoline, diesel, or gas, which have a stable market that has developed for almost a century of their use as a fuel, hydrogen does not yet have such a market. It follows from this that the price for 1 kg of hydrogen fuel is different everywhere, and now it depends on the volumes and methods of its production by a particular company, in a particular country.
It should be known that a fuel cell vehicle consumes about one kilogram of hydrogen per 100 kilometers. And if today the price of 95th gasoline in Germany is € 1.546, and an average of 7 liters of gasoline is consumed per 100 km of run, then the price of 100 km of run is € 10.822 in Euro. That is, here we see almost parity in prices — 9.50 € versus 10.822 € for 100 km of run.
Besides the price of the FCEV car itself and # the price of hydrogen fuel, there are other operating costs. They will be roughly comparable to the costs of a conventional electric car, except that the FCEV has a very small battery. For example, on #toyota Mirai, it is only 1.24 kWh, and, in fact, plays the role of a buffer or emergency drive. The refueling process itself is very simple and is similar to refueling a car with gasoline or diesel fuel. There are two «standards» of pressure at which hydrogen is supplied to the tank — 350 bar (35 MPa), and 700 bar (70 MPa). On average, this process takes approximately 3 minutes.
So, we answered the question of how much hydrogen is for the people.
This market is only at the very early stage of its development. This can be seen even by the number of hydrogen filling stations operating in Europe. Compared to the network of charging stations for electric vehicles, they are simply minuscule. The same situation is with the producers and the volume of production of hydrogen. # the demand for # hydrogen fuel will grow every year, and # the supply on the market will also grow. In our materials, you have already read that #ROSATOM has taken up the hydrogen theme, and #Gazprom also has such projects. Recently it was even reported that even hydrogen could be distilled through the Nord Stream-2 branch over time.
Already today, some experts predict that in the second half of this decade # the price for 1 kg of hydrogen may fall to 4.74 €, that is, almost twice as low as today. And as you understood from the calculations above, this will not only be more environmentally and energetically more profitable, but more cost-effective than traditional hydrocarbon fuel.
And again, hydrogen fuel in the future will be consumed mainly by heavy, freight and commercial vehicles. And personal #fcev, I think, will still remain within the scope of statistical error.
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